Wednesday, 22 January 2014

Global Issues Novel Study: Global Charter

For this GINS post I was asked to connect my learning regarding the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms to the learning I have done about Global Issues via my novel The Dressmaker of Khair Khana. This time I was challenged, in a group of three others, to create a global charter of rights and freedoms. This is what my group created in the fifty minutes given:


Global Charter of Rights and Freedoms


Declaration:



This charter is the ultimate power against the government: anyone is unable to abuse any of its sections and is bound to it’s laws. Governments under the charter are unable abuse the basic rights of people in order to seize power.
The government must follow the charter to every extent.


freedom = The condition of being free of restraints.A freedom cannot be taken away under the charter.   
right = a just claim or title, whether legal, prescriptive, or moral given to a person.


Individual Rights:
Equality:
Every individual has the right to receive support from their individual government in the case they can not meet their needs for proper housing, food, clean water, and health.
- Everyone has the right to feel safe
- Everyone has the right to make their own decisions.
Every individual has the right to not be discriminated based off: age, gender, sexualtiy, phyiscall or mental handicap or in any other way.


Democratic:
- Any global citizen over the age of 17 can vote for a member of their individual government based on where they live/
- No government of any country can stay in office for more than five years unless the country in distress caused by war, plague, natural disasters or invasion  



Fundamental:
Everyone has the following fundamental freedoms:
Freedom of expression (the right to convey any message that you want)
→ Through religion, conscience,  speech, thought, actions, clothes etc.
Freedom of who you associate with
Freedom of belief, speech, opinion and expression
Freedom to hold peaceful gatherings


Legal:
- Right not to be seized or arrested without lawful reason and evidence
- If accused everyone has the right to stand trial against a fair and impartial judge and jury who believes they are innocent until proven guilty  


Mobility:
-Right to move anywhere and find decent work in your home country


-If you plan to leave the country for a period of over six months you must receive a permit that shows the agreeance of your home country and to the country you are going to that determines you are not a criminal and if you do have a criminal record you can leave if you haven’t been involved in any activities against the law for the past two year.


Collective Rights:
Juvenile Rights
-Children under the age of 16 have the right to not be taken against their will for any purposes unless evidence is provided to the fair, and impartial court for why they should be taken


-Once taken they must be put into a safe and secure environment and treated ethically and have the opportunity to receive help if the choose


Minority language rights:
- If a large group of people live in a specific area they have the right to apply to an impartial court for a school that has proper funding and resources. If there are more than 15 schools in one city that are specifically meant for a minority group they may then apply for a school board.



The most challenging part of this process for me was collaborating with my group to ensure everyone belived that we had created a detailed and acurate Charter. We ended up getting to a debate not about the terms but about the what it meant for something to be a right or a freedom. I belevied that a fredoo should be given to everyone no matter what and the government should never be able toremove these freedoms from a person. Two members of my group argued with my opinion saying that a right it something that everyone is entiltled to and they must be given to the people through the charter. I however still strongly belive in my opinion. We settled on a comprimise in order to continue focusing on the document by giving the dictonary definitions of rights and freedoms at the top instead of those created by us. We agreed on most of the terms by going through the Canadain Charter and discussing what we thought was important for the world. Also we brainstormed the issues presented within out novel and looked for ways to solve them. These ideas are why we created the juvenile rights section with child soldiers and many other suffering youth in mind. We also focused on creating a strong set of equality rights as many issues including the ones in my book come from the unequal treatment of others. As a group we tried to carefully consider our word choices to ensure that the rights would not be abused as easily. An example of this is in the mobility rights section we stated that you could be mobile within your home country. This was stated so criminals could not easily escape by going abroad. Finally we decided that we needed something in the charter to bind the governments from all over the world to it this is shown in the declaration at the top. Before I leave you here is another thought. There is a global "charter" already in existence it was created by the UN and it can be found here. This shocked me because it would be so difficult to create something to benefit the lives of so many people from so many backgrounds and ways of life. If you have any more questions about my charter feel free to comment :)

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